When a cargo arrives in Brazil or leaves Brazil, the customs clearance is performed. The clearance is the formalization of the entry or exit of the cargo from the national territory to a foreign territory and the transfer of possession of the cargo to another country, before the Federal Revenue of Brazil (RFB).
For the purpose of customs clearance, on importation, a document called DUIMP (Single Declaration of Importation) is registered. For exports, the document is called DUE (Single Declaration of Export).
The DUIMP and DUE are registered in Siscomex, and at this point the system randomly selects a customs conference channel. It is this channel that stipulates the next step in the customs clearance. This process is called parameterization.
There are four channels for the customs conference.
1. Green Channel
In this case, the system automatically approves the customs clearance of the cargo. The need for additional review of the documentation and physical review of the goods is waived. However, at any time, the Federal Police reserves the right to check documentation and cargo, or change the parameterization of the DUIMP / DUE, if they suspect irregularities in the documentation or goods.
2. Yellow Channel
Falling into the yellow channel, an additional documentary analysis will be performed by the Federal Revenue Service. If approved, the cargo is cleared. If there is any irregularity, such as an incomplete description of the goods on the DI, the RFB reserves the right to extend the verification to the physical review of the goods.
3. Red channel
In the case of red channel, there will be an additional documentary review, as well as physical inspection of the cargo by the Federal Revenue Service. If there are no irregularities, the cargo is then cleared. It should be remembered that the DUIMP / DUE are randomly parameterized, therefore not indicating that a load in red channel is under suspicion of illicit activity or fraud.
4. Gray Channel
This channel is for goods under suspicion of fraud or irregularities. An additional documentary check is made, as well as a physical check of the cargo, and also a special customs control procedure is applied, in order to check for signs of fraud. This sometimes happens when they suspect and the declared price of the goods does not correspond to the real value.
At any time, and regardless of the channel, the RFB reserves the right to carry out additional customs checks, if it has knowledge or evidence that requires further verification.
It is important to note that despite the release of the cargo by the RFB, it may be, depending on the nature of the cargo, that it also has to be released by the relevant Customs Authority.
Consenting agencies are institutions that regulate the entry and exit of certain goods in the country. For example, Anvisa is the agency that regulates the entry and exit of pharmaceutical products. Inmetro regulates the entry and exit of toys in Brazil.
When the cargo requires an Import License or even if it does not, the consenting agencies reserve the right to conduct physical or documentary inspections when the cargo falls within their scope of work. This process happens independently of the parameterization of the Federal Revenue of Brazil.
Here at Oxen Cargo we are specialists in import and export. We have been through all possible scenarios and we understand the whole process of the Federal Revenue Service. We can help you in your operations. Just get in touch with us by scheduling your meeting on the link below. It will be a pleasure to meet you and help clear up all your doubts.